Cultural Resource Management (CRM), also referred to as cultural heritage management or salvage archaeology, is the survey for and documentation of archaeological sites instigated by the need to examine sites before they are destroyed by construction or natural disasters. Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 created the first legal requirements for archaeological investigation and site mitigation on federally funded projects, but state, tribal, and municipal governments often have laws requiring developers to survey, record, and possibly excavate or avoid archaeological remains, depending on their significance. Examples of CRM are surveys conducted along public utility easements and relocation of gravesites.
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For more information on CRM and Historical Resources, please visit these organizations: